the evolution of structure, from the primordial fluctuations in the
CMB to the distribution and morphologies of galaxies in the local Universe, and
the physical processes and efficiencies of star formation at all
epochs are some of the major goals of modern astrophysics.
Millimeter-wavelength observations offer a unique opportunity to
probe the coldest, densest and most-obscured environments in
the Universe which are also often the sites
of the earliest stages of structure formation.
The unprecedented capabilities of the LMT provide excellent sensitivity to point-sources and
low-surface brightness emission, due primarily to ~2000 m2
of collecting area, the high surface-accuracy of the telescope
and the quality of the Sierra Negra site for astronomical observations
at millimeter wavelengths. The LMT is complemented
by a suite of state-of-the-art continuum and heterodyne instruments
that will enable the evolution of structure to be traced on a wide-variety of physical
scales and throughout the entire history of the Universe.
Some highlights of the anticipated LMT research are outlined below:
- solar-system planetesimals & planets
- extra-solar protoplanetary-disks
- individual Galactic star-forming regions
- the Galactic nucleus
- local galaxies
- active galactic nuclei
- high-redshift dusty starburst galaxies
- clusters of galaxies and their large-scale distribution.
Detailed discussions of the LMT studies of these science topics are found in the chapters of the LMT Book